Motion Control shoes are a special type of running shoe that needs some special attention. People who need this type of shoe make up about 12% of the running population. If you switch the words of motion control around, it explains the shoe, "Controls Motion."
Motion control shoes are made for runners that have flat arches or are a heavier build (180+lbs) and need extra control and durability. These runners have lost the natural cushioning that the gait roll provides with a runner's stride. They are the most rigid of the running shoes and limit the inward rolling of the foot and ankle. The inward motion of the foot is called over-pronation. These special shoes are built on a straight last and usually have a medial post for extra support.
To figure out if you need a motion control shoe, you can do a wet towel or brown bag test. To do this, you step in water the place your foot on the towel or brown paper bag. If your foot looks square in shape, then you have a flat arch. If you have curvature in the arch area then you need a neutral or stability shoe. Another indicator is the classic double ankle look in which there is another bump or swelling under the ankle bone. This usually is the result of ligaments which are loose which inhibits the ankle and foot to support the roll, causing over-pronation.
Traditionally people with orthotics have been told to use motion control shoes. The orthotics give the support of motion control shoes. Putting orthotics in this type of shoe is referred to as "doubling up." For someone smaller or lighter in weight, this might be too much support. A bigger, heavier person can still get a natural roll by doubling up. As long as you get fitted by a professional, doubling up should not be a problem.
Here are a couple of Stability Shoes:
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